No. 1 MOUNTING BLOCK  (Mandatory)
Description:   Rider must stand on the mounting block and bring the horse to the block for mounting.  Horse must stand quietly, parallel to the block while being mounted and stand after being mounted until asked to walk off. 
Reason:  Use of a mounting block is much preferred over mounting from the ground which is known to torque the horse’s back and cause musculo-skeletal issues.  Most natural mounting blocks on trail are stationary so the horse has to be able to position itself parallel to the object.
Description:   Rider asks horse to walk, trot, canter and halt at designated points.  Horse can be on either diagonal (trot) or lead (canter).   Gaited horses are to move at the walk and “gait”.
Reason:  A good trail horse needs to be able to “move on” when required at the gait requested by the rider.  Some horses prefer the canter to the trot and the rider should be knowledgeable of the horses preferred gaits are in order to minimize fatigue over long distances.
No. 3 BACKING  (Mandatory)
Description:  Rider asks horse to back (4 steps minimum) after halting from the canter. 
Reason:  Every trail horse needs to be able to back easily in order to navigate tight areas.
No. 4 CAVELETTI POLES (Mandatory)
Description:   Rider asks the horse to walk or trot over the poles.  There are two optional heights.
Reason:  There are often logs across the trail requiring the horse to step over.  
No. 5 TURNING IN PLACE (Mandatory)
Description:   Rider asks the horse to step into square box and turn both directions 180 deg.
Reason:  There are places on the trail where the only way to go is back, and there is very little room to turn around.
Description:   Rider walks or trots horse over tarpaulin. 
Reason:  This substitutes for the mandatory water obstacle, which will not be present.  It often demonstrates the degree of trust a horse has for his rider for sudden changes in ground texture.
No. 7 RAIN SLICKER (Mandatory)
Description:   Rider picks up rain slicker (plastic tarp) from standard and moves it to other standard.
Reason:  It is important for a horse to accept distractive activities of the rider, such as donning a rain slicker.
Description:  Rider enters pattern from bottom to the top, then asks horse to back to the bottom.  There will be two 90 deg. turns in different directions.          
Reason:  This exercise can be important on trail if the horse and rider are caught in a tight situation amongst the branches or other natural obstacles and cannot turn or go forward, so must back up through obstacles. 
No. 9 SIDE PASSING  (Optional)
Description:  Rider asks horse to side pass both directions along length of pole (8’). 
Reason:  A trail horse often has to move laterally to avoid hazards and negotiate difficult terrain. 
No. 10 CROSSING BRIDGE (Optional)
Description:   Rider asks the horse to walk across a wooden bridge.
Reason:  There are very few trails with no wooden bridges to cross.  Going around is almost never an option.
No. 11 GATE (Optional)
Description:   Rider asks the horse to approach the gate, which is a chain between two jump standards.  He then must maneuver the horse to allow him to unhook the chain, move the horse through and re-attach the chain.  The standards must not be moved.  (Note – design of gate may change depending on availability)
Reason:  From time to time there are gates to be opened on trail.  This maneuver is not recommended where there are wire gates or any hazards where the horse can be injured by protruding wires or boards.  If any doubt, dismount before approaching the gate.  
No. 12 CAR WASH (Optional)
Description:   Rider asks the horse to walk through the car wash.  If the horse refuses, the rider can dismount and lead the horse through.  The horse should calmly walk through.
Reason:  There are often dense bushes the horse has to push through with his head without knowing what is on the other side.  The horse must also be tolerant of brushing of branches on his sides while on trail.
No. 13 JUMPS (Optional)
Description:   Rider asks the horse to jump over the pole.  Rider may approach the pole at the walk or the trot.  Two optional heights will be offered.
Reason:  There are very few trails with no fallen logs, some higher than others.  Being able to jump these is often necessary as going around is seldom an option.
No. 14 SOCCER BALL (Optional)
Description:   Rider asks the horse to push the large soccer ball between the goal posts.
Reason:  From time to time horses may encounter strange objects on trail and should be comfortable approaching them.  This is largely a test of the horse’s trust of his human companion.
Description:   Rider picks up the rope attached to the object (teddy bear) and pulls it to the designated point.
Reason:  From time to time a horse may be required to pull a light object on the trail.  Never tie to the saddle or to the rider’s body.